What Is An Italian Coffee Maker?

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What Is An Italian Coffee Maker?

The Italian coffee maker is an aluminium coffee maker that works with a pressure system, with 3 layers:

At the bottom of the container is water which, once brought to a boil, turns into vapour
This vapour crosses the upper floor where the ground coffee is
Finally arrived in the container at the top where the coffee will end up.

Once almost all of the water has evaporated, the last bubbles of steam create a characteristic noise announcing that the coffee maker must be removed from the hot spring. It is important to remove the coffee maker in time from its heat source, otherwise, the coffee will burn and give it a taste.

It nevertheless requires cleaning after each use (with water and not soap) and to change the seal fairly regularly. It is, however, advisable to leave a thin layer of coffee to prevent the coffee from taking on the aluminium taste of the container

Italian or mocha coffee machines are cheap, very easy to use, and traditional ones have a completely manual operation, although there are also more advanced coffee machines for electric operation, as we will see later. They also stand out for presenting a very characteristic design and shape (see photo below). They are called Greek coffee makers or machines in other parts of the world. There are versions of different sizes, although it is normal to have the ability to prepare an amount of espresso equivalent to 3 – 6 cups.

How does an Italian coffee maker work?

If you want to know how an Italian coffee maker works, do not miss any detail of what we will tell you later. We all have the idea that Italian coffee producers are a simple mechanism in which simply pouring water, coffee and heating it until it starts to boil. And the truth is that after the operation of an Italian coffee machine there is enough science and details that the normal consumer can get away with. It doesn’t hurt to know them:

An Italian coffee maker consists mainly of three components: a lower compartment in which water is poured (A), an upper compartment in which the already prepared coffee is deposited (C) and a filter in the middle (B) which is where we throw the coffee ground before starting

The filter is made of metal, and the recommended amount of coffee for making good espresso is between 6 and 9 grams per cup.

As we have said, Italian coffee producers use steam to prepare espresso coffee. To use them we logically need to fill the tank with water (therefore it will be heated to produce steam), more or less at the safety valve, and never above it. Then, we place the filter (B) that separates the two bodies of the coffee machine and we throw the ground coffee of our choice on it. Both sides are screwed or joined and we are ready to heat our coffee machine.

Since Italian coffee makers are closed tightly, with the formation of steam in the water tank (A), the pressure in this space increases. And when you increase the pressure enough, the water that remains in the tank will rise to the top (C), through the filter of the ground coffee, and will accumulate there until the process ends. As a consequence of the pressure, the water always pushes upwards and therefore the coffee will never be lowered into the lower compartment.

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How does an Italian coffee maker work?

It is also called Mocha coffee maker, pressure coffee maker (that is to say “small machine” in Italian). She is an Italian coffee maker. It is a coffee maker much appreciated by lovers of the succulent taste of coffee around the world. It has been invented since 1895, but in 1933, the Italian coffee maker obtained its patent under the name of Moka Express thanks to Alfonso Bialetti, founder of the Bialetti company which produces this coffee maker.


Based on a very simple method of use, the Italian coffee maker uses pressurized steam to prepare good, full-bodied and flavoured coffee. But, how does it really work? What are the advantages and disadvantages of using the Italian coffee maker? We suggest you discover everything about the Italian coffee maker before buying it on the market or using it at home.

A simple operating principle for an exquisite taste coffee with the Moka Express coffee maker

First of all, it is important to know that the operation of the coffee maker is based on 3 essential elements. The first is the bottom compartment. It is a container into which water is poured. The second element is the central part of the machine. This part serves both as a filter and as a storage place for the ground coffee. It is screwed between the first element and the third which is nothing other than the top compartment. It is this last element which receives the coffee after the water pressure has propelled it. This item is also used to pour coffee. In a few minutes, your coffee is done.

The Moka coffee maker is available in classic and modern versions. It exists in aluminium and stainless steel. It can be supplied with different heat sources, namely: wood fire, gas and hot plates or induction plates (for the stainless steel coffee maker). There is also a model of the Italian electric coffee maker. It is a modern version which allows you to quickly have good coffee with a natural taste.

The advantages of the Italian coffee maker


    • The drink obtained is full-bodied and flavoured;
    • There is fewer caffeine thanks to its emulsion system;
    • The Italian coffee maker can be used on several heat sources; x
    • Its operating system is ecological and economical;
    • It is easy to use and maintain;
    • It is a design object and can be placed anywhere at home;
    • It is inexpensive.
    • The disadvantages of the Italian coffee makerDespite its many advantages, the Italian coffee maker also has some disadvantages:
    • You have to know how to dose the quantity of water and coffee to have good coffee, and this is not often done on the first attempts
    • The preparation time is often long to get good coffee
    • Between two uses, you must necessarily wait for the coffee maker to cool down first
    • You have to know how to choose your Italian coffee maker in terms of capacity because it exists in small, medium and large (pay attention to the number of cups indicated. The sizes of cups are Italian therefore smaller than French)

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